Finnish Institutions Research Paper Procedure
ENGA14 Finnish Institutions Research Paper (Hopkins)
English Translation and Interpreting (ETI) Curriculum
University of Tampere, Finland
Selecting the Paper Topic
Each student will write an individual paper in English on an approved
topic involving Finnish society and culture ['institutions']. The paper
should be approximately 6-10 web-printout pages in length (using 'WORD
Arial size 11' or 'html Arial size 2' as a guide), not including tables,
images, references or other non-text material. The topic must be
presented to other class members for discussion, and subsequently approved
by the teacher following the submission of a Paper Approval Form. Please see the
file of area studies topics and past course papers for topic ideas.
Objectives and Sources
Your proposed work plan should be part of your class presentation. This
should include what aspects of your topic you plan to cover and why, and
where you plan to find the needed information.
The objective of the paper is to supply new knowledge to an
international 'academic' audience about a topic relevant to Finnish
Institutions . Papers should thus be explicit and unambiguous for readers
who may not have much knowledge of Finland or Finnish. An equally
important objective, relevant to Finnish as well as international
audiences, is to provide accurate English terminology related to cultural
and societal phenomena in Finland.
For this reason students should ensure that the terms used in the paper
are in line with established usage (e.g., use official English names for
all authorities, organizations, etc., whenever they exist). Adding
glossaries, terminology lists, etc., as appendices, text insertions or
author notes would be useful for all readers of the paper, and of direct
relevance to translators and interpreters in Finland and abroad.
As terminology may differ between national variants of English,
students should identify their papers as being written in either American
(USA) or British (GB) English, and give special attention to the accuracy
and consistency of terminology, spelling, grammar and punctuation within
the chosen variant. (Some Finnish entities may have separate
'official' terminologies for American and British English; even within the
same field or institution, one entity's usage may differ from another's.)
While there is no set number of required sources, research should be
comprehensive, balanced and adequate to the topic and treatment.
The emphasis should be on traditional print sources. In addition to
print sources (including digital versions of books and periodicals
originally published in print format) from the university and other
libraries, one may also use web references, e-mail commentaries, personal
interviews, questionnaires, diaries, government or business documents,
radio and TV programs, videotapes, CD-ROMs and DVDs, etc. the full
range of potential information sources. [Note, however, that
Wikipedia entries may not be used except as a primary source where the focus is on
how something had been said, rather than the information itself.]
Papers may also include relevant audio or video clips.
All sources must be properly cited, using the MLA style covered in PK6.
While source material may be used from any language, especially
Finnish, the paper will be in English and many of its readers may not know
Finnish. Therefore reputable English-language sources would have
priority, and any text material used directly from other languages should
be translated into English (see Which Language to Use With Source
Texts?). In the Works Cited, 'equivalent titles' in English should be
included beside the titles (or other references) of sources from other
languages (including Finnish) to ensure that readers will know what the
nature of that source was.
The Draft-and-Revision Procedure
Students should begin collecting source material even before the topic has
been approved (as the basis for the class presentation and approval of the
topic), and begin writing the paper as soon as possible thereafter.
Papers will normally undergo several revisions after the initial draft,
which itself should stive to be 'complete'. Each draft will be checked by
the teacher, with revision suggestions marked on the printout and
discussed personally with the student. Papers should be completed by the
end of the academic term in which the student was accepted for the course.
The Research Paper Followup Report
After the paper has been completed, students must produce a written report
which includes the following:
- A brief summary of the new perspectives on the topic featured in your
paper. What was your research question and how did you answer it?
- A brief summary of what you might do differently if you were to
write the paper again. Why, and how?
- A brief review of [possible] other aspects of Finnish Institutions
which emerged during the research for your paper that might be useful
topics for future study. Why do you feel, briefly, such study(ies) would
be useful? How would you suggest they might be conducted?
- An identification of [possible] aspects of American, British, Irish
or other relevant national culture institutions that could be considered
'equivalents' of those covered in your paper which might be useful topics
for future study. How might they be, and why? How would further knowledge
of this topic be especially significant for translators?
Examples of past followup reports are in the papers [PDF unless
otherwise noted] on:
This report should be either e-mailed to John in RTF format or placed
online in HTML format [if that additional-credit option is chosen].
Possible followup may be conducted either via e-mail or a personal
appointment with John.
Summary of Paper Procedure
- Select a topic, with the aid of the topics
guide, past papers, or other sources.
When selecting the topic, it must also be clear how you wish to treat the
topic, and what your research question will be. These two points are
essential for the research and writing of the paper.
- Ensure that you have enough source material for your topic,
considering your proposed treatment and the research question(s).
- If you are considering adding an original research component to the
paper, please note that (a) the basic paper itself must be nearly
complete before approval can be obtained for the (optional) original
research; and (b) there must be a direct connection between one or several
questions raised in the basic paper to be clarified via the original
research. Note also that original research plans and instruments
must be approved before the research is begun, for which the
submission to John of your research plan and drafts of possible
instruments for review and discussion is required.
To clarify, one might have in mind from the outset a possible original
research plan, but actual work on this should wait until after the basic
paper is nearly complete (e.g. has gone through at least two drafts), at
which point the research plan may be submitted for approval.
- Prepare a synopsis of your proposed sources and topic development
for your class presentation (this will be an oral presentation; you do not
have to submit the synopsis in written form). Anticipated original
research may be briefly included in this synopsis, but is not required.
- After getting feedback from your class presentation, complete and
submit a Paper Approval Form to obtain
confirmation of your topic and plan.
- Write the first draft of the paper. Before or by the deadline,
submit the first draft as a Word printout (or html URL) for checking and
- When comments on the first draft have been received and
discussed, revise the paper accordingly, preferably within the following
few days week after the draft discussion so the proposed changes will
still be fresh in mind. Subsequent intermediate drafts may also be
submitted in Word format if this is easier for the student.
The paper may be submitted in either HTML or RTF format.
version(s) should be submitted on-line, in HTML format in
your personal webspace, using the the HTML Paper
Template. E-mail the URL of the paper to John so it can be checked.
John will then transfer papers selected for archiving to the course web
directory. NB: Possible web references must be active links so
they can be checked directly from your on-line paper.
Papers in RTF format should use the RTF
template, which has a defined page setup, font sizes, page numbering,
etc. John will then convert papers selected for archiving into PDF format
for the course web directory.
- After the final version of the paper has been accepted, the
research paper followup report (see above) should be e-mailed to John as
an RTF attachment. John will then convert those which will be archived
into PDF format.
- The course grade will be submitted after the followup report (see
above) has been submitted and possible followup discussed.
Checking Sources, and Useful Sources Concerning Finland
All sources must have been personally consulted; do not include
references in your Works Cited without personally checking them. Where
relevant, include in an Appendix or Note other sources you may not have
cited but which may be useful as further information.
Paper Layout and Documentation
Papers must follow the FIN-1 Layout
Guidelines, the ENGA13 Text Layout and
Usage Guidelines and use MLA-format citations as presented in the TRENPK6 Academic Citation and
Documentation Course. Please also be familiar with the English Plagiarism Procedure Policy.
Research & Academic Writing
Last Updated 13 May 2013