Main building (address Kalevantie 4)
Open keynote lecture for all interested on September 13th at 14-15.30 in auditorium 10b (Main building, address: Kalevantie 4)
- Amitav Acharya, Professor of International Relations at the School of International Service, American University
This international conference is about regional and intra-regional challenges to multilateralism and global governance. We invite papers that study the on-going changes in the regional, intra-regional, and global dynamics of cooperation. This broad theme should not be analysed merely through the perspectives of politics, economics, law, or cultural studies. Nor can it be understood solely within the ramifications of Anglo-American political philosophy and IR that is dominated by foreign policy interests of some great powers. Instead, pluralist perspectives and multidisciplinary research is necessary to study and evaluate the nature and implications of the ongoing changes at the regional, intra-regional, and global levels. The conference is thus based on the realization that in the post-hegemonic world the formation of regions and the process of globalization might be disconnected from the orbit of the US.
European integration is a classic example of the former dynamics between regionalism and multilateralism. It was launched as an integral part of the Marshall plan to rebuild Europe. The Marshall plan was one key element of the post-war construction of the international order, accompanied by founding of multilateral financial institutions and the (failed) attempt to launch an International Trade Organization. US influence in both regional and multilateral processes was thus direct and strong ensuring institutional conformity on both levels. As European integration grew deeper and broader the Union itself became an active agent in multilateral institutions. Together with the US, Canada, and Japan, the EU promoted the deepening and broadening of economic integration at the multilateral institutions. Thus, the case of European regionalism evidences US hegemony as a decisive feature of the 20th century dynamics between regionalism and multilateralism. In 21st century the rise of Asia in general and China in particular have changed this basic setting. Plurality of power and worldviews has replaced US hegemony.