The author – and in the case of edited works, the editor – must be aware of the copyright policies of citations, pictures, translations etc. included in the manuscript. If the material cannot be used without permission, it is the responsibility of the author or the editor to obtain it from the copyright holder. This rule applies to both print and online publications.
Likewise, it is important that the editor and the author of an article make sure that the article does not contain material which cannot be published unless the author of the article has obtained permission from the copyright holder.
In scientific texts, short citations, critique and evaluation are legal and copyright policies do not concern them. However, the sources must always be documented.
After making corrections according to the referee’s suggestions, the finished and carefully proofread work should be delivered to the layout designer.
When the final layout is done, the references can be placed at the bottom of a page, the end of a chapter or the end of a book.
When the reference is for multiple sentences or for a whole chapter, the reference is placed after the sentence, outside the dot.
Example: The book tells you about references. It also comments on the issue of linguistics. Lastly, you will also learn how to write a better dissertation. (Smith 2005, 102-117.)
The sources can be in alphabetical order, or they can be arranged according to their significance or publication date.
In case the source text has three or more authors, all the authors are mentioned in the first occurring reference. After that, mention the first one and add an abbreviation.
Example: (Robertson et al. 2005)
For an entire book, use the following reference formats:
Author, A. A. (1967). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Author, A. A. (1997). Title of work. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx
Author, A. A. (2006). Title of work. doi:xxxxx
Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (1986). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Light, M. A., & Light, I. H. (2008). The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement. Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal, 8(1), 73-82.
Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Rampersad, T. (2005, June 8). Re: Disputed estimates of IQ [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ForensicNetwork/message/670
Always check with the layout designer that you are using the right form of delivery. Your work can be delivered, for example, on a memory stick or emailed as an attachment.
* PRINTS CAN ALSO BE DELIVERED TO THE LAYOUT DESIGNER FOR SCANNING.
After the manuscript has been sent to the layout designer, changes can no longer be made. The layout process usually takes 1 to 2 weeks, but it might take longer, if the manuscript sent to the layout designer was not thoroughly proofread and finalized.
The layout designer sends page proofs to the author for proofreading. At this point, it is still possible to correct misspellings and other small mistakes which do not affect the layout.
The approved page proofs are then sent to the printing house, from where the printed proof sheets are sent to either both the author and the layout designer, or to the layout designer only. This depends on the agreement. Once the printing process begins, possible mistakes made by the author can no longer be corrected. However, technical and other such errors which might have caused changes to the layout, are checked for. The printing process – which includes proofreading – usually takes 2 to 4 weeks.