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Kaunisto, Mark

 yliopistonlehtori

Kaunisto_Mark.jpg

Vastuuoppialat ja -alueet

Englantilainen filologia

Yhteystiedot

sähköposti: mark.kaunisto@uta.fi
huone: PINNI B4065
puhelin: 050 318 0549
vastaanotto: to 12-13

Tutkimusintressit /Research interests

englannin kielen johdinmorfologia ja sanasto, korpuslingvistiikka
English derivational morphology and vocabulary, corpus linguistics

Käynnissä oleva tutkimus / Ongoing research projects

Rivalry between word-derivational patterns in English

This project examines the trends and patterns in the use of
alternative derivational affixes in English, focusing on rival affixes
such as -ic/-ical, -ive/-ory, ante-/pre-, en-/in-, and others. Through
the study of dictionary and corpus data, the aim is to explore the
historical changes in both the formation of new words with such
affixes across centuries and the subsequent developments in the uses
of rival words formed with the affixes. Making use of a number of
historical and present-day sources, the timespan of the analysis
ranges from about 1500 to the present day.

The ways of presenting new words in English

The project explores the explicit, but often very subtle ways that
authors use to signal the novel nature of new or otherwise special
words. The study expands on the work by Bauer and Renouf (2000) on the
different types of contextual indicators provided by the authors, with
the more specific focus of derivational affixes. The hypothesis is
that it is often the formal aspects of the words themselves that in
some way triggers the use of a special marker, such as quotation
marks, glosses, introductory phrases, hyphens, or italics. The
phenomenon is examined by studying the occurrences of rare words (or
hapax legomena) in large corpus data.

The significance of hapax legomena in corpora in the assessment of
morphological productivity

The potential of analyzing morphological productivity through the
study of hapax legomena in corpus data has been given much attention
in the last 20 years, most notably in the work by Harald Baayen. It
has been observed that the type frequencies of hapax legomena, i.e.,
words occurring in corpus data only once, is reflective of the
productivity of word-formational processes. However, it appears that
many practical considerations give rise to a further examination of
what hapax legomena in corpora actually represent, particularly when
comparing different kinds of corpora. Although it has been observed
that hapax legomena are not necessarily all genuinely new words, but
that they may also include just rare or words about to become
obsolete, it is worth examining more closely how old hapax legomena in
corpora actually are. Considering that different periods have shown
varying degrees of lexical expansion and obsolescence, it is also not
straightforward that the average ages of hapax legomena in corpora are
the same when examining corpora representing different periods, or
even when comparing individual word-formational processes.

Relevant publications:

Kaunisto, Mark (1999) Electric/electrical and classic/classical:
variation between the suffixes -ic and -ical, in English Studies: A
Journal of English Language and Literature, 80:4. pp. 343-370.

Kaunisto, Mark (2001) Nobility in the History of Adjectives Ending in
-ic and -ical, LACUS Forum XXVII: Speaking and Comprehending, toim.
Ruth Brend, Alan Melby and Arle Lommel. Fullerton, Ca.: The Linguistic
Association of Canada and the United States. pp. 33-45.

Kaunisto, Mark (2007) Variation and Change in the Lexicon: a study of
English adjective pairs ending in  ic and  ical. Language and
Computers Series. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi.

Kaunisto, Mark (2009) Rivalry between English adjectives in -ive and
-ory, in Proceedings of the HEL-LEX2 Conference, edited by Rod
McConchie, Alpo Honkapohja ja Jukka Tyrkkö. Somerville, Ma.:
Cascadilla Press. pp. 74-87.

Kaunisto, Mark (2013) Scare Quotes and Glosses: Indicators of Lexical
Innovation, in Proceedings of the HEL-LEX3 Conference, edited by Rod
McConchie, Teo Juvonen, Mark Kaunisto, Minna Nevala ja Jukka Tyrkkö.
Somerville, Ma.: Cascadilla Press. pp 97-106.

 
Ylläpito:
Muutettu: 7.1.2016 12.21 Muokkaa

Tampereen yliopisto

Tampereen yliopisto
03 355 111
kirjaamo@uta.fi


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