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Tyrkkö, Jukka


Vastuuoppialat ja -alueet

englantilainen filologia


vastaanotto: ke 14-16 tai sopimuksen mukaan
sähköposti: sähköpostiosoitehaku
huone: Pinni B 4053
puhelin: 050 3181 253

Research interests

Historical corpus linguistics, lexis and phraseology, language variation and multilingualism, statistical methods in linguistics and digital humanities, history of learned writing, history of the book, historical lexicography, hypertext and computer-mediated communication.

Ongoing research 

Multilingual Practices in the History of Written English

This project examines the multilingual resources of English writers from the Middle English period to the end of the Modern era. I am currently developing new corpus tools for the identification and analysis of multilingual passages in historical texts, and multivariate statistical methods for the study of dispersion of multilingualisms in diachronic data. Much of my spare time in recent months has been spent writing software for the corpus-based analysis of codeswitching. I also study attitudes to foreign languages as evinced in the preliminaries and other paratextual matter of early printed books. Our project will organise a symposium in June 2014 entitled Historical Code-switching: The Next Step, and I am also giving papers on these topics at ICAME35 in Nottingham, Sociolinguistics Symposium 20 in Jyväskylä and ICEHL17 in Leuven.

Scientific Thought-styles: The Evolution of English Medical Writing

I have been a member of this Helsinki-based project for ten years. The project compiles corpora of English historical medical texts and conducts research on the evolution of medical writing. At present, the project members are working on the Late Modern English Medical Texts (LMEMT) corpus. My own particular areas of interest include the lexical and phraseological representation of knowledge and abstract concepts, and the book-historical aspects of early medical publishing. 

Book History and digital humanities

History of the book is an area of scholarship that I find absolutely fascinating. My work on the paratextual features of early printed books has been conducted in conjunction with the Gatekeepers of Knowledge project I run with Carla Suhr and Ville Marttila. In 2014 I will give talks on the integration of digital humanities methods and book history at the HIBOLIRE Summer School in Tallinn and at the symposium 'Book history meets linguistics: Seeking new approaches' in Turku later in the autumn. I also give two papers at the next SHARP conference in Antwerp.

Statistical approaches to linguistic data

I am interested in investigating dispersional metrics for the analysis of lexical and phraseological features and in applying multivariate methods to linguistic data. Most recently I've been exploring issues related to the regression analysis of sociolinguistic parameters for explaining code-switching phenomena and association scores for identifying switchpoints in English text. I am also interested in the intersection of linguistic and literary studies known as 'distant reading'; I will give a paper on this at ESSE8.

Lexical clusters, phraseology and stylistics

Lexical cluster is a general term for reoccuring sequences of words including. My interest in this phenomenon is mostly related to the phraseological use of fixed expressions such as binomials and formulaic phrases mandated by the context, but I have recently also started to examine the stylistic implications of lexical clusters in fiction writing. In 2014, I will be presenting papers on these topics at ICEHL18 and ESSE8 where I am convening a seminar on lexical bundles with Joanna Kopaczyk (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan).

Hypertext and the history of multilinearity in text

The phenomenon of multilinearity throughout the history of written text has fascinated me for a long time now. From early manuscripts to modern hypertext, there has been an ever-present need to communicate information in more complex and fluid patterns than what linear text naturally allows. My research looks into the mechanisms of conceptual redirection and the requirement of text-type specific reading skills throughout the ages. I am currently also writing a paper on the use of the initialism LOL in online Englishes, to appear in a volume I'm editing with Sirpa Leppänen (University of Jyväskylä).


I am starting a new project with Mark Kaunisto, Mikko Höglund and Kaj Syrjänen on the genre-based history of early American English. The first part of the project will see us combining CLMET3, a corpus of Late Modern English compiled by Hendrik de Smet, Hans-Jürgen Diller and myself, with CEAL, compiled by Mikko and Kaj. The second part will focus on the diachronic development of the grammatical and lexical features typical of American English, examined in contrast with contemporary features of British English and in the light of coeval grammars and style guides from both sides of the Atlantic. We are also developing a new online corpus tool for these and other corpora.

Selected recent publications

Taavitsainen Irma, Turo Hiltunen, Maura Ratia, Anu Lehto, Päivi Pahta, Carla Suhr and Jukka Tyrkkö. (2014). Late Modern English Medical Texts 1700-1800: A corpus for analysing eighteenth-century medical English. In ICAME Journal 38. 137–153.

Tyrkkö, Jukka. (2014). 'Strong Churlish Purging Pills': Multi-adjectival Premodification in Early Modern Medical Writing. Teoksessa Taavitsainen, Irma, Andreas H. Jucker and Jukka Tuominen (eds.) Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 157–188.

Tyrkkö Jukka, Timofeeva Olga, Salenius Maria. (2013). Ex Philologia Lux: Essays in Honour of Leena Kahlas-Tarkka. Vantaa: Modern Language Society of Helsinki. (Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki 90).

Kauhanen Henri, Hiltunen Turo, Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). Something about nothing: Using Resampling, Collocation Extraction and Nonlinear Regression to Link Orthography and Grammaticalization. Teoksessa Tyrkkö Jukka, Timofeeva Olga, Salenius Maria (toim.) Ex Philologia Lux: Essays in Honour of Leena Kahlas-Tarkka, 131-159. (Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki 90).

Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). Exploring Part-of-Speech Profiles and Authorship Attribution in Early Modern Medical Texts. Teoksessa Jucker Andreas, Landert Daniela, Seiler Annina, Studer Nicole (toim.) Meaning in the History of English: Words and texts in context. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 190-210.

Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). 'My Intent Is Onelie to Further Those That Be Willing to Learne': The Lexicon of Mid-Sixteenth-Century Surgical Books in Context. Teoksessa McConchie R.W., Juvonen Teo, Kaunisto Mark, Nevala Minna, Tyrkkö Jukka (toim.) Selected Proceedings of the 2012 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX 3). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla, 177-188.

Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). Review of ‘Astronomy ‘playne and simple: The writing of science between 1700 and 1900’. In Literary and Linguistics Computing, Volume 28, issue 3. 487-490.

Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). Notes on eighteenth-century dictionary grammars. Transactions of the Philological Society 111 (2), 179-201.

Tyrkkö Jukka. (2013). Printing houses as communities of practice: Orthography in early modern medical books. Teoksessa Kopazcyk Joanna, Jucker Andreas (toim.) Communities of Practice in the History of English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 151-176.

Tyrkkö Jukka, Marttila Ville, Suhr Carla. (2013). The Culpeper Project: Digital editing of title-pages. Teoksessa Meurman-Solin Anneli, Tyrkkö Jukka (toim.) Principles and Practices for the Digital Editing and Annotation of Diachronic Data. Helsinki: VARIENG.

Meurman-Solin Anneli, Tyrkkö Jukka (2013). Principles and Practices for the Digital Editing and Annotation of Diachronic Data. Helsinki: Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English. (Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 14). Helsinki: VARIENG.

McConchie R.W., Juvonen Teo, Kaunisto Mark, Nevala Minna, Tyrkkö Jukka (2013). Selected Proceedings of the 2012 Symposium on New Approaches in English Historical Lexis (HEL-LEX 3). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla


Muutettu: 12.5.2014 12.28 Muokkaa

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