A student admitted into doctoral studies can complete a licentiate degree as an intermediate step. The licentiate degree is completed in a doctoral programme. In addition to the licentiate thesis, the licentiate degree includes 30-60 ECTS worth of other studies depending on the doctoral programme curriculum.
Licentiate Thesis Form
The form of the doctoral dissertation is defined by the the Government Decree on University Degrees (794/2004) as well as the Government Decree on the Amendment of the Government Decree on University Degrees (1039/2013). The licentiate thesis must adhere to these criteria as well.
The licentiate degree includes a licentiate thesis through which the student must demonstrate in-depth knowledge of the field of research in question and the capacity to apply the scientific research methods of the field in an independent and critical manner.
The following can be approved as a licentiate thesis: a uniform study (monograph) or a research compilation formed by scientific publications or article manuscripts approved for publication that cover a range of interlinked issues as well as a summary prepared based on them (article-based thesis) (at least two peer-reviewed scientific publications). The summary must present the goals, methods and findings of the study. The publications may also include co-authored publications if the student's independent contribution can be shown. This must be clarified in conjunction with submitting the thesis for examination.
The licentiate thesis must be written in Finnish, Swedish, English or some other language, as agreed upon in the study and supervision plan. The student must ensure that the thesis is impeccable in terms of language. If the licentiate thesis is written in Finnish, it must include a brief two- or three-page abstract in English; if the thesis is written in another language, the abstract must be in Finnish. The public examination seminar must be conducted in Finnish, the language of the thesis or another language, as agreed upon by the candidate and the examiners.
As regards artistic licentiate theses, the applicable parts of the instructions for scientific doctoral dissertations are to be applied.
Licentiate thesis (80 ECTS)
The licentiate thesis is an independent study in the field of education that indicates the author’s mastery of the theoretical basics of the discipline as well as his/her in-depth knowledge of the research area and its methodological principles. The thesis must demonstrate that the student can utilise the aforementioned knowledge and skills in the development of his/her own work.
An acceptable licentiate degree may also consist of 2–3 scientific publications or article manuscripts approved for publication that address the same collection of issues, appended with a relevant summary (an article-based thesis). The publications may also include joint publications if the portion of work prepared independently by the author can be demonstrated.
Upon submission for examination, the author must state where the articles have been published or approved for publication. As regards co-authored publications, a written account of the role and responsibilities of the author of the licentiate thesis must be presented in the same context.
Please find information on the structure of the studies in the Curriculum.
Vocational licentiate degree
Admission for a vocationally oriented licentiate degree in education has been discontinued. However, those to which the Faculty has previously granted the right to study may complete their degrees. As regards supervision and studies pertaining to the licentiate thesis, students are requested to contact the professor responsible for the Faculty’s doctoral programme for the purpose of reviewing the study plan and completing the thesis.
The minimum scope of the vocational licentiate degree is 120 ECTS, of which the licentiate thesis accounts for 40 ECTS. The thesis is examined in accordance with the same process as the licentiate thesis in.
An integral part of the licentiate degree is a licentiate thesis, with which the student demonstrates that he/she is well-versed in his/her own research field and can apply research methods independently and critically. What applies to a doctoral dissertation applies to a licentiate thesis as well.
A licentiate thesis can also be an integrated entity made up of scientific publications or manuscripts approved for publication paired with a summary article (cf. an article-based dissertation). The objectives, methods and results of the study must be presented in the summary. Publications may include co-authored publications if the postgraduate student's independent contribution can be shown.
When the author considers his/her licentiate thesis to be ready for examination, he/she must submit the following to the Scientific Post-graduate Committee:
- Three copies of the licentiate thesis.
- An abstract one to two pages in length. The abstract must be submitted in Finnish and English, and, if the thesis is written in some other language, in that language.
- A proposal for examiners.
A licentiate thesis must demonstrate a profound knowledge of the field and its methods, along with the ability to apply these methods independently and critically. It can be a unified study (a monograph) or an integrated entity of scientific publications or manuscripts approved for publication paired with a summary article (an article-based thesis). The objectives, methods and results of the study must be presented in the summary article. Publications may also include co-authored publications if the doctoral student's independent contribution can be shown. If the publications include co-authored articles, the doctoral student must generally be responsible for significant contributions in them.
The doctoral student must also submit to the Faculty a written account of his/her contribution to the publications. This account must be submitted when submitting the thesis for evaluation.
The doctoral student can even apply to have his/her dissertation manuscript accepted as a licentiate thesis after having received permission to publish it. Such a licentiate thesis will not be evaluated.
In a licentiate degree, the student should demonstrate knowledge of the research field and the ability to apply research methods independently and critically. Where applicable, the instructions concerning a doctoral dissertation can also be applied to a licentiate thesis.
For a licentiate degree, a student must complete the same studies (60 ECTS) as for a doctoral degree. Detailed information about the requirements is available in the each Doctoral Programme’s curriculum. In addition to completing the studies, the student must write a licentiate thesis (90 ECTS) that the Faculty Council will approve.
A licentiate thesis can be either a monograph, a consistent whole of at least two scientific publications or manuscripts intended for publication paired with a summary (cf. an article-based dissertation) that describes the objectives, methods and results of the study, or other work that fulfils equivalent scientific criteria. Publications may include co-authored publications if the postgraduate student's independent contribution can be clearly demonstrated.
Turnitin Originality Check and the Examination Process of the Licentiate Thesis
Before submitting the licentiate thesis for examination, the originality of the manuscript is checked with the Turnitin software. A supervisor approves the originality check. When the thesis is submitted for examination, the student must also file a Turnitin originality report signed by his/her supervisor.
The examination process of the licentiate thesis differ somewhat from the examination process of a doctoral dissertation. Please consult the faculty-specific instructions below.
Faculty of Communication Sciences
Before submitting the licentiate thesis for examination, the student must confirm from the supervisor of the study that the work is in a condition that warrants submission for examination. The originality of the manuscript is checked with the Turnitin software. An entry of the examination procedure is made in the thesis.
The licentiate thesis must be submitted to the faculty’s study services for examination in three filed paper copies. The author of the licentiate thesis must make sure that all the requisite study attainments and modules have been recorded in the study register. In this context, the student must also file a Turnitin originality report signed by his/her supervisor.
Primarily, the examiners for the thesis are proposed by the supervisor, once he/she has discussed the matter with the student. The person responsible for the doctoral programme must approve the suggested examiners. The Dean assigns each thesis at least two examiners, who must submit a written report and propose a grade for the thesis. The examiners must be independent of the Faculty of Communication Sciences and, in addition, at least one of them independent of the University of Tampere, and their expertise has to be docent-level at a minimum. A person who has participated in the supervision of the thesis or a person who can in some other way be considered biased may not serve as an examiner.
Once the Dean has assigned the examiners for the licentiate thesis, the faculty will agree upon the date of the examination seminar as well as other practical arrangements related to the examination with the student and examiners.
At the examination seminar, the candidate is provided with the opportunity to orally respond to any comments and observations made on the thesis. The supervisor serves as the chair of the seminar. Records taken during the seminar will be delivered to the members of the Faculty Council together with the examiners’ statements. The examiners’ statements must be submitted to the student at least seven (7) days before the Faculty Council meeting at which the thesis will be discussed. At the same time, the candidate is afforded the opportunity to respond to the examiners’ statements. The candidate can also request that the matter be postponed to the next Faculty Council meeting for this reason.
Faculty of Education
Submitting a licentiate thesis for examination
The licentiate thesis is submitted for examination to the Study Coordinator of the Faculty of Education as one complete file in PDF format.
For the purposes of publication, each thesis must include a separate summary of 1–2 pages in length that describes the research problem, material, research methods used and the most important findings.
Before submission for examination, the originality of the thesis must be officially verified through the Turnitin system. The supervisor approves the originality check. In conjunction with the submission of the manuscript, the supervisor provides a signed report on the Turnitin verification to the study administration.
The Faculty of Education requests a proposal for examiners from the supervisor of the thesis. The Dean of the Faculty of Education appoints at least two examiners for a licentiate thesis. At least one examiner must come from outside the Faculty, and the supervisor of the licentiate thesis cannot serve as an examiner. The author of the thesis will be provided with an opportunity to respond before the selection of the examiners. In terms of the disqualification of examiners, the provisions set forth in Section 28 of the Administrative Procedure Act (434/2003) apply.
The examiners prepare a justified written statement on the licentiate thesis, including a proposal on its evaluation.
A licentiate thesis can also be examined in a separately arranged examination.
Faculty of Management
The Faculty will appoint two examiners external to the supervisory relationship who are required to present reasoned written statements on the work. The author of the thesis will be given an opportunity to lodge a complaint regarding the eligibility of the examiners. The thesis will be scrutinized at a postgraduate seminar which is open to the public.
The statements of the examiners will be forwarded to the author of the thesis no later than four (4) days prior to the meeting of the Faculty Council at which the thesis is to be judged. The author of the thesis will be allowed an opportunity to present a rejoinder on the examiners’ statements. The author will be entitled to request the postponement of the adjudication to the next meeting of the Faculty Council.
Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences
Faculty of Natural Sciences
Before submitting a licentiate thesis for examination, a doctoral student must have his/her supervisor's permission to submit the thesis. All licentiate´s thesis must undergo a plagiarism check conducted by the Turnitin OriginalityCheck programme. The printed thesis will contain a sentence stating that the check has been done.
The student must also ensure that he/she has completed all the courses recorded in his/her personal study and supervision plan before submitting the thesis.
The licentiate thesis is submitted to the Faculty Office for evaluation in three paper copies, each in a binder. The thesis must include an abstract which introduces the research problem, data, research methods and main results of the study. The abstract must be written both in English and in Finnish (or Swedish).
Once the student has been granted permission, he/she must submit the licentiate thesis in electronic format for the library collection and for filing. More detailed instructions are available online at the Library's website.
The supervisor generally proposes examiners after discussing it with the student.
The Faculty will appoint at least two thesis examiners. Before the examiners are appointed, the doctoral student is given the opportunity to comment on the potential unacceptability of prospective examiners if there are doubts as to their impartiality. Once the examiners have been appointed, the Faculty, student and examiners fix the date and time of the public examination and other practical matters.
The examination may be arranged in a doctoral seminar, where the examiners can discuss the work with its author. After the public examination, the examiners submit a written report to the Faculty giving their conclusions. Copies of the examiners' reports are sent to the student five days prior to the LUO Faculty Council meeting. At this point, the student may wish to submit a response to the reports, and can request that the grading of the thesis be postponed until the next LUO Faculty Council meeting for this reason.
Faculty of Social Sciences
When the author considers his/her licentiate thesis to be ready for examination, he/she must submit the following: the manuscript (in pdf-form) and a permission to submit the thesis for examination. The documents and relevant enclosures should be sent or delivered to the Faculty Offices so that examiners can be appointed.
The permission for preliminary examination form contains a Supervisor’s proposal for examiners. The student and the Supervisor must sign the form. The form: “Application for a permission to submit a manuscript for examination”.
The following documents must be submitted together with the permission for examination:
- Abstract (1–2 pages) in Finnish and in English
- A Turnitin report signed by the Supervisor
- - Application form for a degree certificate and a transcript of the studies that will be included in the licentiate degree.
- The manuscript (with articles) in pdf-form.
If the licentiate thesis is article-based, also submit the following:
- A list of articles. If all articles have not yet been published in scientific publications, a confirmation of their status is required. This confirmation can be a publisher’s message (e.g. printed e-mail) either affirming submission for publication or acceptance for publication.
- A report about the student’s personal contribution to each article. The report should describe the student’s contribution to each article in terms of choosing the topic, forming research questions, choosing the research setting and methods, collecting data, conducting analysis, interpreting results and writing the article. The report (1-2 pages) must be approved and signed by the Licentiate Student and the Main Supervisor.
The originality of doctoral dissertations and licentiate theses submitted for preliminary examination is verified by using the Turnitin online plagiarism detection software. Postgraduate students can also use the Turnitin software when writing the manuscript to ensure that all references are appropriate. Once the dissertation manuscript has been finished and the references have been appropriately marked, the entire manuscript must go through Turnitin for an official originality check. Turnitin instructions are available in the University’s online Study Guide.
Based on the proposal, the Dean will appoint at least two examiners for the study. They must have completed at least a doctoral degree. One of them must come from outside the Faculty.
A public examination is organised for the thesis. At least one of the appointed examiners must attend it. After the public examination, the examiners must give a written statement. The statement(s) must be submitted to the Faculty within two months. Before submitting the statement(s), the examiners may discuss with the student about possible deficiencies in the thesis and suggestions for corrections.
Once the public examination seminar has been held, the Licentiate candidate submits the thesis to be printed as a pdf document according to the guidelines of the Tampere University Library.
Printing the Licentiate Thesis
When examiners have submitted their statements and the author of the thesis has received a permission from the faculty, the author should submit the thesis as pdf-file to the Tampere University Library for printing in accordance with the library's instructions. The acceptance and evaluation of a licentiate thesis will be discussed in the doctoral education committee (in some faculties) and the Faculty Council only after the Faculty has received one printed copy of the thesis. Juvenes Print has agreed to deliver one copy of the thesis to the faculty and another to the library for archiving within four days of Juvenes Print having received the documents mentioned in the library's instructions. The library published the thesis and the thesis summary online at http://tutkielmat.uta.fi, if the student has given the permission to publish the thesis online.
Accepting and Evaluating a Licentiate Thesis
The licentiate thesis will be evaluated and graded by the Faculty Council. The examiners present their written views on the acceptance of the licentiate thesis. The professor of the relevant discipline may also provide a justified grade recommendation.
The supervisor of the licentiate thesis does not participate in the evaluation of the thesis in the Faculty Council. Any request for reconsideration of the grade awarded for the licentiate thesis must be submitted to the Council no later than 14 days of the announcement of the grade.
The following scales are applied in the evaluation of licentiate theses:
Doctoral Programme in Information Studies and Interactive Media and Doctoral Programme in Interactive Technology: pass–fail. The examiners’ statements must pay attention to the following aspects, among other things:
- significance of the dissertation in the field of research
- scope of the dissertationsufficiency of the researcher’s own input; is the author’s independent contribution to the licentiate thesis sufficient (contribution of the supervisor/collaborating parties)
- suitability and command of the research methods
- logic of the research structure
- knowledge and critical use of literature in the field
Doctoral Programme in Language Studies and Doctoral Programme in Literature Studies: approbatur, lubenter approbatur, non sine laude approbatur, cum laude approbatur, magna cum laude approbatur, eximia cum laude approbatur, laudatur. As applicable, the evaluation criteria are the same as in the evaluation of doctoral dissertations.
Doctoral Programme in Communication, Media and Theatre: approbatur, lubenter approbatur, non sine laude approbatur, cum laude approbatur, magna cum laude approbatur, eximia cum laude approbatur, laudatur. Applicable parts of the evaluation criteria for dissertations are applied in the evaluation of licentiate theses. This also applies to licentiate theses or artistic licentiate theses in the field of theatre arts.
Publishing and archiving a licentiate thesis
Once the author of the licentiate thesis has received examiner statements that are favourable and necessitate no corrections, he/she must send the thesis for publication and printing. More detailed publication instructions can be found on the University Library’s website.
If the examiners of the licentiate thesis propose its approval but require certain corrections before evaluation, the author must discuss the corrections with his/her supervisor. Before the evaluation of the thesis by the Faculty Council of the Faculty of Education, the thesis supervisor must provide the Faculty with a statement regarding the corrections made to the thesis.
The thesis will be published once its approval has been recorded in the student information system and the entry has been conveyed from the system to the Library. The grade is not published online. The thesis, printed and bound by Tampere University Press, is permanently added to the Library collection. The evaluation of the thesis is not appended to the copies of the thesis that are added to the library collection and archived.
Evaluation of a licentiate thesis
The evaluation of an electronically published licentiate thesis will not be placed on the agenda of the Faculty of Education’s Faculty Council until the Faculty has received a copy of the thesis delivered by the printing house.
Before the evaluation of the licentiate thesis, the author must be afforded the opportunity to provide a response. The licentiate study is evaluated by the Faculty Council of the Faculty of Education in accordance with the scale “Approved with distinction”, “Approved”, or “Rejected”.
The affected party may submit a request for rectification to the Faculty Council of the Faculty of Education within 14 days of being informed of the decision (Sections 44, 82 and 83 of the Universities Act (558/2009), Section 13, Paragraph 6 of the University of Tampere Regulations and Section 26 of the University of Tampere Regulations on Degrees).
The committee proposes and the Dean then appoints two examiners who will submit a written report after the licentiate thesis is examined in the licentiate seminar. The reports must be submitted within two months after the seminar is held. The thesis supervisor may act as one of the examiners.
Before submitting their reports, the examiners must discuss possible shortcomings and suggested revisions with the author. The reports must be submitted to the study affairs and the author. The committee then discusses the reports in a meeting, and they form the basis for the grade the MED Faculty Council gives the thesis. If the candidate wishes to respond to a report, he or she is entitled to do so under section 44 of the Universities Act (558/2009).
The same grading scale applies for licentiate theses as for dissertations: rejected, approved and approved with honours. Only exceptionally distinguished licentiate theses will be graded approved with honors.
A petition for reconsideration of the grading of the licentiate thesis must be submitted to the LUO Faculty Council within 14 days of the announcement of the decision.
If any corrections are made to the thesis during the evaluation process, the corrected pages must be submitted to the Faculty before the licentiate thesis is submitted to the LUO Faculty Council for grading.
The Faculty Office will respond to any questions regarding the schedule of the evaluation process.
The grading scale for the licentiate thesis is pass - fail.
The major and minor subject study modules included in a licentiate degree will not be graded.
The Licentiate's thesis can be taken to the Faculty Council's agenda only after the Faculty has received one copy in print or other paper version and after the Faculty has also received the statement(s).The statement(s) will be sent to the student. According to Section 44 of the Finnish Universities Act (558/2009), the student can reply to the statement. The statement(s) will first be assessed in the Postgraduate Committee and then the Faculty Council will use it/them as basis for grading the licentiate thesis.
A licentiate thesis can be awarded one of the following grades: fail, approved and approved with honours.
The degree certificate can be applied for with a paper form available in the Graduation section.