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Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of TampereFaculty of Social Sciences

Sini Kangas

Sini Kangas

Researcher, Medieval History

Office hours: On request

Research interests:

- History of the crusades and the Latin East

- Medieval warfare

- Medieval childhood

- History of ideas in the Middle Ages

Selected publications:


Sini Kangas, The Concept of the Crusade and Christian Violence. Work in progress.

Sini Kangas, Mia Korpiola, Tuija Ainonen eds., Authorities in the Middle Ages: Influence, Legitimacy, and Power in Medieval Society. Walter deGruyter, 2013. 

Sini Kangas, Marjatta Hietala, Heikki Ylikangas eds., Historia eilen ja tänään. Historiantutkimuksen ja arkeologian suunnat Suomessa 1908–2008. Bidrag till kännedom av Finlands natur och folk 179. Suomen Tiedeseura, 2009.

Articles (refereed)

Sini Kangas, "Ideas of Time and Age in the Chronicles of the Crusades". In Sources for the Crusades: Textual Tradition and Literary Influences, ed. by Léan Ni Chléirigh and Natasha Hodgson. The Crusades, Subsidia. Routledge, forthcoming in 2017/2018.

Sini Kangas, “Slaughter of the Innocents and Depiction of Children in the Twelfth-Century Sources of the Crusades”. In The Uses of the Bible in Crusading Sources, ed. by Elizabeth Lapina and Nicholas Morton. Brill, 2017, 74101.

Sini Kangas, “Growing up to Become a Crusader: The Next Generation”. In Jerusalem the Golden. The Origin and Impact of the First Crusade, ed. by Susan Edgington and Luis García-Guijarro. Outremer 3, Brepols, 2014, 255−72.

Sini Kangas, ”Vihollinen keskellämme. Saraseenien ja kerettiläisten salaliitto 1100-luvun ristiretkipropagandassa”. [The Enemy among Us. The Conspiracy between Saracens and Heretics in Twelfth-Century Crusade Propaganda]. In Vieras, outo, vihollinen. Toiseus antiikista uuden ajan alkuun, ed. by Marja-Leena Hänninen. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2013, 188−209.

Sini Kangas, “First in Prowess and Faith. The Great Encounter in Twelfth-Century Crusader Narratives”. In Cultural Encounters during the Crusades, ed. by Kurt Villads Jensen, Kirsi Salonen and Helle Vogt. University Press of Southern Denmark, 2013, 119−34.

Sini Kangas, “A Great Stirring of Hearts or Papal Inspiration? Contesting Popular Authority in the Preaching of the First Crusade.” In Authorities in the Middle Ages: Influence, Legitimacy, and Power in Medieval Society, ed. by Sini Kangas, Mia Korpiola, Tuija Ainonen. Walter DeGruyter, 2013, 55−68.

Sini Kangas, “The Genesis of a Crusade Chronicle in the Early Twelfth Century.” In Methods and the Medievalist: Current Approaches in Medieval History, ed. by Marko Lamberg, Jesse Keskiaho, Elina Räsänen and Olga Timofeeva. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.

Sini Kangas, “The Murder of St. Henry of Finland, Crusader Bishop.” In Les elites nordiques et l’Europe occidentale, ed. by Elisabeth Mornet, 189−96. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2007.

Articles (non-refereed)

Sini Kangas, ”Lasten historia ja sen lähteet keskiajan Euroopassa.” [Sources of the Study for Childhood in Medieval Europe]. In Yleisen kirkkohistorian lähteet, ed. by Jaakko Olavi Antila and Esko Laine. Suomen kirkkohistoriallinen seuran toimituksia 215, WS Bookwell, 2011.

Sini Kangas, “Inimicus Dei et Sanctae Christianitatis? Saracens and their Prophet in Twelfth-century Crusade Propaganda and Western Travesties of Muhammad’s Life.” In The Crusades and the Near East: Cultural Histories, ed. by Conor Kostick. Routledge, 2011, 131−60.

Sini Kangas, “Defining and Confronting Evil in the Sources of the Crusades.” In Challenging Evil: Time, Society and Changing Concepts of the Meaning of Evil, ed. by Johannes Schlegel and Brita Hansen, pp. 151−58. Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2010. Available electronically:

Research projects:

Children in Holy War c. 1100-1300

The study provides new information about the role of children in high medieval ideological warfare between the years 1100 and 1300. The analysis concerns underage actions in the crusader army, adolescent involvement in combat and the distinct features of crusader children in the sources' descriptions of them as well as the experiences of Muslim children related to Christian warfare.

The second major aim is to analyze the mechanism of becoming a crusader: the schemes and structures relating medieval childhood to crusading in the broader context of the populatization of the crusading ideal and the military-ideological indoctrination of children and young adults in the medieval west.

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