tampereen yliopisto: yhteiskuntatieteiden tiedekunta: tutkimus: philosophy - filosofia: tutkimusprojektit - research projects:
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Philosophy - Filosofia

Some of the earlier research projects in philosophy

Objects, modality, and the propositional attitudes: a Quinean perspective

Researcher: Dr. Antti Keskinen, Postdoctoral Researcher.

Judgement and Human Rationality

Head of the Project: Prof. Leila Haaparanta
Members of the research group: Hanne Appelqvist (HY), Jani Hakkarainen, Mirja Hartimo (HY), Antti Keskinen, Heikki J. Koskinen, Jukka Mikkonen, Floora Ruokonen (HY), Jenni Tyynelä, Pasi Valtonen.
Web Page

The Possibility of Metaphysics in Twentieth Century and Contemporary Philosophy

Members: Leila Haaparanta, Sami Pihlström, Heikki J. Koskinen, Hanne Ahonen, Jani Hakkarainen, Antti Keskinen, Ilmari Kortelainen, Kaisa Luoma
Funded by the Academy of Finland 2007 - 2010

Sites of research: Department of History and Philosophy, University of Tampere (main site of research), Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki

In 1999 the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society organized its 22nd International Wittgenstein Symposium under the title ‘Metaphysics in the Post-Metaphysical Age’. The title conveyed essential features in contemporary philosophy. On the one hand, we have witnessed a return of metaphysics in the twentieth century analytic tradition after the anti-metaphysical period of logical positivism and ordinary language philosophy. On the other, philosophical trends such as postanalytic or postmodern philosophies, which have a strong hold in contemporary discussion, have declared the death of metaphysics. In addition, in the so-called Continental tradition the words ‘metaphysics’ and ‘ontology’ received new meanings. The history of twentieth century philosophy – to which we now, arguably, can adopt a proper historical perspective – has not yet been examined in any great detail, neither in Finland nor elsewhere. The role of metaphysics in that century is even less studied. What this study needs is a general metaphilosophical perspective and a context in which the various views of philosophy, either tacitly adopted or discussed in the twentieth century, are taken into account. Nor have the methods and argumentative strategies employed in contemporary metaphysics been systematically studied. The project poses the question concerning the possibility of metaphysics to twentieth century philosophical traditions, particularly to some of their representatives, as well as to contemporary metaphysicians. The project will study various affirmations and various rejections of metaphysics and arguments given by the two parties. It will also analyze the conditions under which metaphysics is regarded as possible in twentieth century and contemporary philosophy. The sub-projects of its members touch upon relations between logic and metaphysics in early twentieth century philosophy, Hume and the Vienna Circle’s rejection of metaphysics, Russell’s and Husserl’s methods of analysis, Wittgenstein’s and Foucault’s views on metaphysics, the methodology of contemporary analytic metaphysics, the methodology of metaphysics from the perspective of pragmatism and Kantian transcendental philosophy, the distinction between universals and particulars and the Aristotelian conception of metaphysics, and contemporary theories of reference and ontology. The group includes professors, post-doc researchers, doctoral students who are about to complete their studies and doctoral students who are in the very beginning of their studies. The results of the research will be published in the form of international monographs and both single-author and co-authored articles, as well as doctoral dissertations. In addition, international conferences will be organized, along with a number of smaller, both Finnish and international workshops or symposia.

NOS-H project “Rearticulations of Reason: Recent Currents”

1.1.2003 – 31.12.2003 (planning phase)

1.1.2004 – 31.12.2006

Leila Haaparanta, leader of the project

Other members: Folke Tersman and Håkan Salwén, University of StockholmBjørn Ramberg, Kristin Gjesdal and Torjus Midtgarden, University of OsloDan Zahavi and Søren Overgaard, University of CopenhagenJón Ólafsson, University of IcelandSami Pihlström, University of Helsinki, Marika Tuohimaa and Timo Vuorio, University of Tampere

The project is a natural extension and enrichment of ongoing Nordic work on twentieth century philosophy, metaphilosophy, philosophical anthropology, and philosophy of mind, enabling the national projects to pool their resources to the benefit of all. The joint project titled “Rearticulations Reason: Recent Currents” will pose the question “What is reason?” to twentieth century philosophical traditions; the questions “What is human nature?” and “What is philosophy?” are intertwined in that question.  Second, the project will ask what it is that is challenged when reason and rationality are challenged by various twentieth century and contemporary currents. Third, it will ask what the new ways of understanding reason are that are developed in those currents. Finally, it will contribute to contemporary discussion by developing and evaluating various rearticulations of reason.  Its members have done research into the main twentieth century traditions, such as analytic philosophy, phenomenology, hermeneutics, and pragmatism, which gives a basis for the joint work. The project seeks to study the differences and to cross the borders between twentieth century and contemporary philosophical schools.  Research will be both historical and systematic. Outside the discipline the project will contribute to cognitive science, to the foundations of the humanities and to understanding the post-modern shift in culture and society.

The Nature of Philosophical Knowledge (2000–2006) 

A research project financed by the Academy of Finland
Project leader: Professor Leila Haaparanta
The questions that form the general background of the project are the following:

  1. Can we talk about philosophical knowledge?
  2. If there is such a thing as philosophical knowledge, how is it related to scientific and more generally to empirical knowledge?
  3. Is philosophy a science?
  4. Can we talk about philosophical progress?

Those questions are discussed both historically and systematically in the project.The members of the project are Leila Haaparanta (University of Tampere), Petri Räsänen (University of Tampere), Marika Tuohimaa (University of Tampere), Risto Vilkko (University of Helsinki), and Timo Vuorio (University of Tampere). Parts of the project will be realized in collaboration with Sara Heinämaa (University of Turku and University of Helsinki) and her research group, Matti Häyry (University of Kuopio), Oskari Kuusela (University of Helsinki), Erna Oesch (University of Tampere), and Sami Pihlström (University of Helsinki).

The Development of Modern Logic 

ed. by Leila Haaparanta
1.    Introduction (Leila Haaparanta, University of Tampere)
2.    Late Medieval Logic (Tuomo Aho, University of Helsinki, and Mikko Yrjönsuuri, University of Jyväskylä)
3.    History and Philosophy of Logic from Humanism to Kant (Mirella Capozzi, University of Rome, and Gino Roncaglia, University of Tuscia)
4.    The Emergence of Symbolic Logic: the Interplay between Logic and Mathematics
4.1    The Mathematical Origins of Nineteenth Century Algebra of Logic (Volker Peckhaus, University of Paderborn)
4.2    Gottlob Frege (Christian Thiel, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg)
5.    The Emergence of Symbolic Logic: the Interplay between Logic and Philosophy
5.1 The Logic Question (Risto Vilkko, University of Helsinki)
5.2 The Relations between Logic and Philosophy 1874 – 1932 (Leila Haaparanta, University of Tampere)
6.    A Century of Judgement and Inference: 1837 – 1936. Some Strands in the Development of Logic. (Göran Sundholm, University of Leiden)
7.    The Development of Mathematical Logic from Russell to Tarski: 1900 – 1935 (Paolo Mancosu, University of California, Berkeley, Richard Zach, University of Calgary, and Calixto Badesa, University of Barcelona)
8.    Main Trends in Mathematical Logic after the 1930s
8.1    Set Theory, Model Theory, and Computability Theory (Wilfrid Hodges, University of London)
8.2    Proof Theory of Classical and Intuitionistic Logic (Jan, von Plato, University of Helsinki)
9.    Modal Logic from Kant to Possible Worlds Semantics (Tapio Korte, University of Turku, Ari Maunu, University of Turku, and Tuomo Aho, University of Helsinki)
Appendix: Conditionals and Possible Worlds: C.S. Peirce’s Conception of Conditionals and Modalities (Risto Hilpinen, University of Miami)
10.    Philosophical Logic and Semantic Theory in the Twentieth Century (Tuomo Aho, University of Helsinki, and Gabriel Sandu, University of Helsinki)
11.    Philosophy of Alternative Logics (Andrew Aberdein, Florida Institute of Technology, and Stephen Read, University of St. Andrews)
12.    Philosophy of Inductive Logic (Sandy Zabell, Northwestern University)
13.    Logic and Linguistics in the Twentieth Century (Alessandro Lenci, University of Pisa, and Gabriel Sandu, University of Helsinki)
14.    Logic and Artificial Intelligence (Richmond Thomason, University of Michigan)
15.    Indian Logic (J.N. Mohanty, Temple University, S.R. Saha, Jadavpur University, Amita Chatterjee, University of Calcutta, Tushar Kanti Sarkar, Jadavpur University, Sibajiban Bhattacharyya, University of Calcutta)

The working body in the post-industrial economy / Työn kehollisuus jälkiteollisessa taloudessa

Head of the Project: Dr., Docent Jaana Parviainen
Members of the research group: Johanna Aromaa (OY), Taina Kinnunen (OY), Anne Koski, Jari Ruotsalainen (ISY)
Web Page

Työn uusi ruumiillisuus

Funded by: Työsuojelurahasto
Head of the Project: Docent Dr. Jaana Parviainen
Members of the research group: Taina Kinnunen (Oulun yliopisto), Johanna Seppänen (Oulun yliopisto)

Productizing Physical Activity - LITTA

Tampereen yliopiston liikunnanfilosofian tutkimusyksikkö (TALFIT) - Research Centre for Philosophy of Sport, Body and Movement

Muutettu: 29.9.2015 12.24 Muokkaa

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