The policy aim in Finland since early 1990s has been to support the development of globally linked and innovation oriented economy. Deployment of global knowledge flows is crucial part of the process, and mobility of individuals is maybe the most efficient way to internationally transfer both science-based (explicit) and experience-based (tacit) knowledge. However, Finland has not been very successful in connecting global human capital with the national innovation system, bluntly, because socio-cultural environment is more exclusive than inclusive for foreigners (e.g. Raunio & Forsander 2009: Shumilova et al. 2012). This study explores the communities within the innovation system and how they could provide more inclusive practices for foreign human capital. Based on literature, four categories of communities are defined according to their relation with innovation and learning, and especially, to culture that they aim to accommodate their members.
Innovation related communities
The challenge for innovation policy is to recognize the relevant communities and provide policy measures to support inclusive practices. Communities have different roles in innovation ecosystem, and in creation of inclusive practices. The tentative allocation of different communities presented in this context, and their relations to innovation and inclusiveness (environment to which new comers are integrated) may ease this task.