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Markus Kaakinen

Markus Kaakinen

Yliopistonlehtori (sosiaalipsykologia) / University Lecturer

Puhelin: 040 190 1355
Työhuone: LINNA 6079



Research interests:

Cybercrime, cyberhate and risk behavior online

Social identity and intergroup relations

Well-being and social networks

Big social data and computational methods

Youth and emerging adulthood


Theory of well-being

Self and identity

Social science of consumption

Quantitative methods and statistical software (SPSS, Stata, and R)


Rahapeliongelmat ja verkkoyhteisöt: sosiaalipsykologinen tutkimus nuorten toiminnasta sosiaalisen median peliyhteisöissä

Ammatillinen sosiaalisen median käyttö ja nuorten aikuisten työn imu (Työsuojelurahasto 2018–2020) 

Hate communities

Disruption, Social Capital and Resilience: A Longitudinal and Comparative Approach



Peer reviewed scientific articles:


Sirola, A., Kaakinen, M., Savolainen, I., & Oksanen, A. (2019). Loneliness and Online Gambling-Community Participation of Young Social Media Users. Computers in Human behavior, online first.


Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T., Oksanen, A. & Räsänen, P. (2018). How Social Capital Associates With Online Hate Victimization. Policy & Internet, 10(3), 302-323. doi: 10.1002/poi3.173

Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T., Räsänen, P. & Oksanen, A. (2018). Cybercrime Victimization and Subjective Well-Being: An Examination of the Buffering Effect Hypothesis Among Adolescents and Young Adults. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 21(2), 129–137. doi:10.1089/cyber.2016.0728 

Kaakinen, M., Oksanen, A. & Räsänen, P. (2018). Did the Risk of Exposure to Online Hate Increase After the November 2015 Paris Attacks? A Group Relations Approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 78, 90–97. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2017.09.022

Kaakinen, M., Räsänen, P., Näsi, M., Minkkinen, J., Keipi, T. & Oksanen, A. (2018). Social capital and online hate production: A four country survey. Crime, Law and Social Change, 69(1), 25–39. doi:10.1007/s10611-017-9764-5

Kaakinen, M., Sirola, A., Savolainen, I. & Oksanen, A. (2019).Shared Identity and Shared Information in Social Media: Development and Validation of the Identity Bubble Reinforcement Scale. MediaPsychology, , online first.

Oksanen, A., Kaakinen, M., Minkkinen, J., Räsänen, P., Enjolras, B. & Steen-Johnsen, K. (2018). Perceived societal fear and cyberhate after the November 2015 Paris Terrorist Attacks. Terrorism & Political Violence, online first, 1–20. doi: 10.1080/09546553.2018.1442329

Oksanen, A., Kaakinen, M. & Sirola, A. (2018) Gambling patterns and associated risk and protective factors among Finnish young people. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 35.doi: 10.1177/1455072518779657

Oksanen, A., Savolainen, I., Sirola, A. & Kaakinen, M. (2018). Problem gambling and Psychological Distress: a cross-national perspective on the mediating effect of consumer debt and debt problems among emerging adults.  Harm Reduction Journal, 15:45, 1–11. doi: 10.1186/s12954-018-0251-9

Savimäki, T., Kaakinen, M., Räsänen, P. & Oksanen, A. (2018). Disquieted by online hate: negative experiences of Finnish adolescents and young adults. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, online first, 1–15. doi: 10.1007/s10610-018-9393-2

Savolainen, I., Kaakinen, M., Sirola, A. & Oksanen, A. (2018). Addictive behaviors and psychological distress among adolescents and emerging adults: A mediating role of peer group identification. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 7, 75–81. doi:10.1016/j.abrep.2018.03.002  

Sirola, A., Kaakinen, M. & Oksanen, A. (2018). Excessive gambling and online gambling communities. Journal of Gambling Studies, 34(4), 1313–1325. doi: 10.1007/s10899-018-9772-0


Kaakinen, M. (2017). The conceptualisation of pupils’ problems by Finnish and Norwegian primary school teachers: performance, welfare and behaviour. Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice, 23(6), 704–716. doi: 10.1080/13540602.2016.1211103

Keipi, T., Kaakinen, M., Oksanen, A. & Räsänen, P. (2017). Social Tie Strength and Online Victimization: An Analysis of Young People Aged 15–30 Years in Four Nations. Social Media + Society, 3(1), 1–12. doi: 10.1177/2056305117690013

Minkkinen, J., Oksanen, A., Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T. & Räsänen, P. (2017). Victimization and Exposure to Pro-Self-Harm and Pro Suicide Websites: A Cross-National Study. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 47(1), 14–26. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12258

Näsi, M., Räsänen, P., Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T. & Oksanen, A. (2017). Do routine activities help predict young adults’ online harassment: A multi-nation study. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 17(4), 418–432. doi: 10.1177/1748895816679866

Turja, T., Oksanen, A., Kaakinen, M., Sirola, A., Kaltiala-Heino, R. & Räsänen, P. (2017). Proeating disorder websites and subjective well-being: A four-country study on young people. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50(1), 50–57. doi: 10.1002/eat.22589


Minkkinen, J., Oksanen, A., Näsi, M., Keipi, T., Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T. & Räsänen, P. (2016). Does social belonging to primary groups protect young people from the effects of pro-suicide sites? A comparative study of four countries. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention37(1), 31–41. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000356

Oksanen, A., Näsi, M., Minkkinen, J., Keipi, T., Kaakinen, M. & Räsänen, P. (2016). Young people who access harm-advocating online content: A four-country survey. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 10(2), article 6. doi: 10.5817/CP2016-2-6


Oksanen, A., Garcia, D., Sirola, A., Näsi, M., Kaakinen, M., Keipi, T. & Räsänen, P. (2015). Pro-Anorexia and anti-pro-anorexia videos on YouTube: Sentiment analysis of user responses. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(11): e256. doi: 10.2196/jmir.5007 

Recent presentations in International Conferences:

Kaakinen, M., Garcia, D., & Oksanen, A. How multilevel analysis of discussion tree structures could contribute to social psychological understanding of online emotions? EASP Meeting: Introducing Structure: Networks in Social Psychology, 30.10.-3.11.2018, Brussels.

Sirola, A., Kaakinen, M., Savolainen, I., & Oksanen, A. Identity bubbles and social media behaviour among young people. The Internet, Policy & Politics Conference 2018, 20.-21.9.2018, Oxford.

Savolainen, I., Kaakinen,M., Sirola, A., & Oksanen, A. Understanding Youth Addiction: a two-country study on loneliness and individual characteristics in addictive behaviors. Nordic Alcohol and Drug Researchers’ Assembly 2018 (NADRA), 29.-31.8.2018, Oslo.

Savolainen, I., Sirola, A., Kaakinen, M., Oksanen, A. Peer Group Identification as a Determinant of  Youth Behavior and the Moderating Role of Perceived Social Support in Problem Gambling. Southern Sociological Society: "Racial Theory, Analysis, and Politics in Trump America", 4.-7.4.2018, New Orleans.

Kaakinen, M., Sirola, A., Savolainen, I., & Oksanen, A. Young People's Reactions to Gambling Content in Social Media: An Experimental Insight. The International Gambling Conference, 12.-14.2.2018, Auckland.

Oksanen, A., Kaakinen, M., Savolainen, I., & Sirola, A. Problem gambling and Psychological Distress: the mediating role of instant loans. Poster presentation at the International Gambling Conference, 12.-14.2.2018, Auckland.

Muutettu: 30.1.2019 16.16 Muokkaa

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